Egyptian Vultures are the smallest old world vulture. They have a body length between 58 and 70 cms (23 - 28 inches), a wingspan of approximately 1.7 m (5.6 ft) and they weigh between 1.5 and 2 kgs (3.25 - 4.5 lbs).
Adults have yellow, featherless faces and a long, thin bill. Their plumage is off white and they have black flight feathers. They have spiked feathers on their neck that gives them a collard-look. Juveniles are speckled brown and they achieve their full adult plumage at around 5 years of age.
Egyptian Vultures can be found in open country of variable elevations in Africa, Europe and Asia.
Egyptian Vultures are scavengers and they feed on carrion. Due to their small size they are often the last scavenger to feed off a carcass. They also eat eggs and they use stones to break open the shells
Egyptian Vultures form monogamous pairs and they breed once a year. They lay 1 - 3 eggs and incubation lasts for 39 - 45 days. The youngsters fledge at 71 - 85 days old and they are independent at approximately 4 months old.
After the youngsters have fledged they can be seen flying within the home range alongside their parents as part of a family group. They separate from their parents when migration away from the breeding grounds begins. Egyptian Vultures reach sexual maturity at 6 years of age.
Egyptian Vultures have no natural predators, except humans.
There are three subspecies of the Egyptian Vulture: