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Beluga

Beluga Video


Beluga
Photographer: Ansgar Walk


The size of a Beluga compared to an average human
The size of a Beluga compared
to an average human

School of Belugas
School of Belugas
Photographer: Ansgar Walk

Beluga Range Map (Arctic Ocean & Adjoining Seas)
Beluga Range Map
(Arctic Ocean & Adjoining Seas)

Belugas
Latin Name Delphinapterus leucas
Conservation Status Vulnerable
Location Arctic Ocean & Adjoining Seas
Colour White
Length 4 - 5 m (13 - 16.5 ft)
Weight Up to 1.5 tonnes (1.5 tons)
Life Expectancy 40 Yrs

Main Characteristics


Belugas are between 4 and 5 m (13 - 16.5 ft) in length and they weigh up to 1.5 tonnes (1.5 tons). As calves they are grey in colour but as they age they develop their distinctive white colouration.

They have a large, bulbous melon and a short beak. Unlike many other cetacean species they have the ability to move their head laterally and up and down.

Belugas are very vocal and they make a range of different sounds including clicks, chirps and trills.

Habitat

Belugas are found in the coastal areas of the Arctic Ocean and adjoining seas.

Diet

Belugas feed on a variety of fish, octopus, squid and crustaceans.

Breeding

After a gestation period of 14 months a single calf is born. They are weaned at 12 - 24 months old. Females reach sexual maturity at 4 - 7 years and they reproduce every 2 - 3 years until they are in their early 20s. Males reach sexual maturity at 7 - 9 years of age.

To watch a video of a Beluga giving birth Continue>

Predators

Predators of Belugas include killer whales, polar bears and humans.

Subspecies

There are no subspecies of the Beluga.

Interesting Facts

Belugas are also known as:
Beluga Whale
White Whale
Sea Canary

Belugas were first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1776.

To watch a freediver swimming with Belugas and an interview with the photographer, Dan Burton Continue>

Similar Animals

Narwhal
 


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