Harp Seal

Harp Seal and her Pup
Photographer: Visit Greenland

Harp Seal Range Map (Arctic & NW Atlantic Ocean)
Harp Seal Range Map
(Arctic & NW Atlantic Ocean)

Latin Name Phoca groenlandica
Conservation Status Least Concern
Location Arctic & NW Atlantic Ocean
Colour Grey
Length 1.6 - 1.9 m (5.2 - 6.2 ft)
Weight 130 - 160 Kgs (290 - 350 lbs)
Life Expectancy

Up to 35 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Harp Seals have a body length between 1.6 and 1.9 m (5.2 - 6.2 ft) and they weigh between 130 and 160 kgs (290 - 350 lbs).

As pups they have a white coloured coat but as they mature this changes. When males reach 7 years of age and females 12, they have a dark coloured head with a pale grey body and a small, harp shaped marking on their back.


Harp Seals can be found in the Arctic and north west Atlantic Ocean.


Harp Seals feed upon a variety of fish, crabs and other invertebrates.


After a gestation period of 11 months, Harp Seals give birth to a single pup. They are weaned at 2 weeks old and they reach sexual maturity at 3 - 8 years of age.


Predators of Harp Seals include killer whales, polar bears, sharks and humans.


Harp Seals have no subspecies

Interesting Facts

Similar Animals

Common Seal
Ringed Seal
Grey Seal
Baikal Seal
Caspian Seal
Ribbon Seal
Spotted Seal


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