Hooded Seal

Hooded Seal Range Map (N Atlantic to Arctic Ocean)
Hooded Seal Range Map
(N Atlantic to Arctic Ocean)

Latin Name Cystophora cristata
Conservation Status Least Concern
Location N Atlantic to Arctic Ocean
Colour Grey with a dark pattern
Length 2.5 - 2.7 m (8.2 - 8.9 ft)
Weight 300 - 410 Kgs (660 - 900 lbs)
Life Expectancy

30 - 35 Yrs

Main Characteristics

Hooded Seals have a body length between 2.5 and 2.7 m (8.2 - 8.9 ft) and they weigh between 300 and 410 kgs (660 - 900 lbs). They have a dark coloured head and a grey coloured body with a dark blotchy pattern.

When males reach 4 years old a fleshy, trunk-like muzzle develops. They can inflate it to form a "hood" which doubles the size of their head, and they use it to intimidate rivals during the breeding season.


Hooded Seals inhabit the North Atlantic to the Arctic Ocean.


Hooded Seals mainly feed upon fish but they will also feed upon squid and octopus.


After a gestation period of 11 months, Hooded Seals give birth to a single pup. The pup is weaned at 4 - 5 days old which is the shortest weaning time of any mammal. They reach sexual maturity at 5 years of age.


Predators of hooded seals include polar bears and sharks.


Hooded Seals have no subspecies

Interesting Facts

Hooded Seal pups are weaned when they are 4 - 5 days old - the shortest time of any mammal.

Similar Animals

Leopard Seal
Crabeater Seal
Ross Seal
Weddell Seal
Bearded Seal


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